Articles, Books & Academic Papers

Articles, Books & Academic Papers

The following is a list of sources used in the research for this site.



Italy set to double child benefit to combat low birth rate  (BBC)

Danes agree to make babies to to keep public services open (The Guardian)

Germany passes Japan to have world’s lowest birth rate – study (BBC)




Coulmas, F. (2007). Population decline and ageing in Japan : The social consequences (Routledge contemporary Japan series ; 16). London ; New York: Routledge.

Coulmas, F., & Lützeler, Ralph. (2011). Imploding populations in Japan and Germany : A comparison (International comparative social studies ; v. 25). Leiden ; Boston: Brill.

Douglass, C. (2005). Barren states : The population “implosion” in Europe (English ed.). Oxford ; New York: Berg.

Konzelmann, L., Bergmann, M., & Rattinger, H. (2014). Demographic Change in Germany – its Political Consequences. Nomos.

Sackmann, R., Bartl, W., Jonda, B., Kopycka, K., & Rademacher, C. (2015). Coping with Demographic Change: A Comparative View on Education and Local Government in Germany and Poland (Vol. 19, European Studies of Population). Cham: Springer International Publishing.


Peer-Reviewed Academic Papers:

Andreason, A. (2011). Will the EU Survive Its Demographic Deficit? Yale Economic Review, 7(1), 19-23.

Bloom, Canning, Fink, & Finlay. (2009). The Cost of Low Fertility in Europe. NBER Working Paper Series, 14820.

Coleman, D., & Rowthorn, R. (2011). Who’s afraid of population decline? A critical examination of its consequences. Population and Development Review, 37(Suppl 1), 217-48.

Schafer, L. (1998). The Population Implosion of the Developed World: Changing Attitudes toward Immigration to Support Aging Societies. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 6(1), 357-369.